User Accounts#


Only the admin user can create users, change users’ passwords, and activate or deactivate users. Upon initial installation, the admin should set an admin password. Upon initial installation, the admin must set a strong admin password.

Default Accounts#

Initially, there are two accounts:

  • admin (full privileges)

  • determined (for single-user installations)

Setting an initialUserPassword for the admin and determined user accounts is a required step and is configured in the Helm Chart.

Setting the Admin Password#

Use the following CLI command to set the admin password:

det -u admin user change-password


For your security, set strong passwords for any service accessible from the internet. Malicious actors are always scanning for vulnerabilities. Unauthorized access to your cluster could lead to data breaches, unauthorized processes like crypto mining, high costs, and disruptions to legitimate usage.

Creating Individual User (Member) Accounts#

You can add, edit, and manage users manually via the CLI or the WebUI.

To create users via the CLI, use the following command:

det -u admin user create <username>

To ensure that no one can access the Determined cluster as the determined user, deactivate it. Deactivating the determined user does not remove any objects created by the user.

To deactivate the determined user, run the following command:

det -u admin user deactivate determined

Creating Remote Users#

Admins can configure Determined to auto-provision users who have been added to your IdP. These users are known as remote users.

To find out more, visit Managing Remote Users.

Password Requirements#

Passwords for non-remote users have the following requirements:

  • Passwords must be at least 8 characters long (and not None).

  • Passwords must contain at least one upper-case letter.

  • Passwords must contain at least one lower-case letter.

  • Passwords must contain at least one number.



The WebUI will automatically redirect users to a sign-in page if there is no valid Determined session established on that browser. After signing in, the user will be redirected to the URL they initially attempted to access.

Users can end their Determined session by selecting their profile name in the upper left corner and choosing Sign Out.


In the CLI, the user login subcommand can be used to authenticate a user:

det user login <username>

Logging in results in a persistent session, which lasts for 30 days. The session can be terminated using:

det user logout

Temporary Authentication#

In some cases, it may be useful to execute a single command as a specific user without starting a persistent session for that user (think of the sudo command on a Unix-like system). In Determined, this can be achieved with the -u flag:

det -u <username> ...

This will execute the command as the given user without creating a permanent session for that user. Although no persistent session is created, an authentication token is stored for that user so that future attempts to execute commands as that user will not require re-authenticating. This token can be discarded using the user logout subcommand:

det -u <username> user logout

Change Passwords#

A user can change their own password using the user change-password subcommand:

det user change-password

An admin can also change another user’s password:

det -u admin user change-password <target-user>


Although Determined supports password-based authentication, communication between the CLI, WebUI, and master does not take place over an encrypted channel by default. See Security for information on configuring secure connections over HTTPS. Users should not be assigned “valuable” passwords, and passwords used with Determined should not be reused for other purposes.

List Assets#


Just as in the CLI, by default the WebUI will only show assets created by the current user. To see assets belonging to all users, uncheck the “Show only mine” checkbox in the filter panel found in the tab for each asset type.


When using the CLI to list experiments, commands, etc., the default behavior is to only show assets belonging to the current user. It is possible to show assets owned by all users by passing the -a flag to the respective commands:

det experiment list -a   # List all experiments.
det command list -a      # List all commands.
det notebook list -a     # List all notebooks.
det tensorboard list -a  # List all TensorBoards.

Activate and Deactivate Users#

When a user is created, they are designated as active by default. Only active users can interact with Determined. The admin user can deactivate a user with the user deactivate subcommand:

det -u admin user deactivate <target-user>

All assets created by a deactivated user will remain available through both the WebUI and the CLI.

To reactivate a user, user activate can be used:

det -u admin user activate <target-user>

Run Tasks as Specific Agent Users#

For experiment, notebook, or command tasks using the bind_mount option in their Experiment Configuration Reference, setting the Unix user and group on the agent ensures file permission consistency between the task and agent.

Configure this by linking a Determined user with the user and group configuration on an agent:

det user link-with-agent-user <target-user> --agent-uid <uid> --agent-user <username> --agent-gid <gid> --agent-group <group-name>

All arguments are required. This command can only be run by a system administrator.

Once set, any tasks created by the target user will be run as the specified user and group.


By default, if a user is not linked with a user and group on an agent, tasks created by that user will run as the root user on the agent. If deploying on a Slurm/PBS cluster, running as the root user is only permitted if the launcher user_name is also set to the root user, as described in Configure and Verify Determined Master on HPC Cluster. This behavior may change in the future.

If the task does not use bind_mount option, the effect of running as root will be limited to the task container and not intrude on the agent itself.

The default user and group that will be used when a Determined user is not explicitly linked to a user and group on an agent can be configured in the master.yaml file located at /usr/local/determined/etc on the Determined master instance:

    user: root
    uid: 0
    group: root
    gid: 0


A writable HOME directory is required by all Determined tasks. By default, all official Determined images contain a tool called libnss_determined that injects users into the container at runtime. If you are building custom images using a base image other than those provided by Determined, you may need to take one of the following steps:

  • prebuild all users you might need into your custom image, or

  • include libnss_determined in your custom image to ensure user injection works as expected, or

  • find an alternate solution that serves the same purpose of injecting users into the container at runtime

Run Unprivileged Tasks by Default#

Some administrators of Determined may wish to run tasks as unprivileged users by default. In Linux, unprivileged processes are sometimes run under the nobody user, which has very few privileges. However, the nobody user does not have a writable HOME directory, which is a requirement for tasks in Determined, so the nobody user will typically not work in Determined.

For convenience, the default Determined environments contain an unprivileged user named det-nobody, which does have a writable HOME directory. The det-nobody user is a suitable default user when using the default Determined environment images and when running containers as root is not desired. To use det-nobody by default, add the following configuration to master.yaml:

    user: det-nobody
    uid: 65533
    group: det-nobody
    gid: 65533

When combining the det-nobody user with custom Docker images, administrators should either build the custom image as layers on top of the default Determined Environments as illustrated in Custom Images, or they should create the det-nobody user themselves in their custom images using groupadd and useradd.