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Install Determined Using Docker

Preliminary Setup

  1. Install Docker on all machines in the cluster. If the agent machines have GPUs, ensure that the Nvidia Container Toolkit on each one is working as expected.

  2. Pull the official Docker image for PostgreSQL. We recommend using the version listed below.

    docker pull postgres:10
    

    This image is not provided by Determined AI; please see its Docker Hub page for more information.

  3. Pull the Docker image for the master or agent on each machine where these services will run. There is a single master container running in a Determined cluster, and typically there is one agent container running on a given machine. A single machine can host both the master container and an agent container. Run the commands below, replacing VERSION with a valid Determined version, such as the current version, 0.13.4:

    docker pull determinedai/determined-master:VERSION
    docker pull determinedai/determined-agent:VERSION
    
  4. Assuming you are running multiple containerized services on the Determined master machine, optionally create the determined network that we will use in the service startup commands below:

    docker network create determined
    

Configuring and Starting the Cluster

PostgreSQL

The following command starts the PostgreSQL container on the master using the determined network created above:

docker run \
    --name determined-db \
    --network determined \
    -p 5432:5432 \
    -v determined_db:/var/lib/postgresql/data \
    -e POSTGRES_DB=determined \
    -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=<DB password> \
    postgres:10

If the master will connect to PostgreSQL via Docker networking, exposing port 5432 via the -p argument isn’t necessary; however, you may still want to expose it for administrative or debugging purposes. In order to expose the port only on the master machine’s loopback network interface, pass -p 127.0.0.1:5432:5432 instead of -p 5432:5432.

Determined Master

Determined master configuration values can come from a file, environment variables, or command-line arguments.

To start the master with a configuration file, we recommend starting from our default master configuration file, which contains a listing of the available options and descriptions for them. Download and edit the master.yaml configuration file as appropriate and start the master container with the edited configuration:

docker run \
    -v "$PWD"/master.yaml:/etc/determined/master.yaml \
    determinedai/determined-master:VERSION

To start the master with environment variables instead of a configuration file:

docker run \
    --name determined-master \
    --network determined \
    -p 8080:8080 \
    -e DET_DB_HOST=determined-db \
    -e DET_DB_NAME=determined \
    -e DET_DB_PORT=5432 \
    -e DET_DB_USER=postgres \
    -e DET_DB_PASSWORD=<DB password> \
    determinedai/determined-master:VERSION

Note that this references the PostgreSQL container running on the determined Docker network created above. If you are running PostgreSQL externally, specify the hostname for the PostgreSQL server in place of determined-db.

In order to prevent the master from listening on port 8080 on all network interfaces on the master machine, you may specify the loopback interface in the published port mapping, i.e., -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080.

Determined Agents

As is the case for the master, Determined agent configuration values can come from a file, environment variables, or command-line arguments.

To start the agent with a configuration file, we recommend starting from our default agent configuration file, which contains a listing of the available options and descriptions for them. Download and edit the agent.yaml configuration file as appropriate and start the agent container with the edited configuration:

docker run \
    -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
    -v "$PWD"/agent.yaml:/etc/determined/agent.yaml \
    determinedai/determined-agent:VERSION

Note that the agent container must bind mount the host’s Docker daemon socket. This allows the agent container to orchestrate the containers that execute trials and other tasks.

If you are providing command-line arguments to the container (e.g., using --master-port as opposed to the DET_MASTER_PORT environment variable), run must be provided as the first argument:

docker run \
    -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
    -v "$PWD"/agent.yaml:/etc/determined/agent.yaml \
    determinedai/determined-agent:VERSION \
    run --master-port=8080

To start an agent container with environment variables instead of a configuration file:

docker run \
    --name determined-agent \
    --network determined \
    -e DET_MASTER_HOST=<Determined master hostname or IP> \
    -e DET_MASTER_PORT=8080 \
    determinedai/determined-agent:VERSION

Note that if an agent container is running on the same machine as the master container, you may use determined-master (or whatever the name of the master container is) as the DET_MASTER_HOST.

Selecting GPUs

The --gpus flag should be used to specify which GPUs the agent container will have access to; without it, the agent will not have access to any GPUs. For example:

# Use all GPUs.
docker run --gpus all ...
# Use any four GPUs (selected by Docker).
docker run --gpus 4 ...
# Use the GPUs with the given IDs or UUIDs.
docker run --gpus '"device=1,3"' ...

GPUs can also be disabled and enabled at runtime using the det slot disable and det slot enable CLI commands, respectively.

Docker Networking for Master and Agents

As with any Docker container, the networking mode of the master and agent containers can be changed using the --network option to docker run. In particular, host mode networking (--network host) can be useful to optimize performance and in situations where a container needs to handle a large range of ports, as it does not require network address translation (NAT) and no “userland-proxy” is created for each port.

The host networking driver only works on Linux hosts, and is not supported on Docker Desktop for Mac, Docker Desktop for Windows, or Docker EE for Windows Server.

See Docker’s documentation for more details.

Managing the Cluster

By default, docker run will run in the foreground, so that a container can be stopped simply by pressing Control-C. If you wish to keep Determined running for the long term, consider running the containers detached and/or with restart policies. Using our deployment tool is also an option.